December, 3

Heroic Military Academy in Mexico

Let’s take a delightful journey to Mexico City, where the Heroic Military Academy proudly stands tall since its establishment in 1823. Picture a place where military minds flourish and grow like a garden of strategic brilliance!

Now, back in the day, this prestigious institution was known as the Cadet Academy and set up shop in the former palace of the Inquisition. Quite the transformation, wouldn’t you say? It’s like turning a dark and spooky place into a hub of knowledge and valor!

heroic military school in mexico
A male soldier places his hand on his friend in comfort during a support group meeting.

The Heroic Military Academy found its home in the Betlemitas monastery, which sounds fancy and historic. Fast forward to today, and this spot has become even more incredible. It now houses an interactive economic museum and the Mexican Army museum. Who would’ve thought learning about economics and military history could be captivating?

Of course, life has its twists and turns, and the academy experienced a bit of a shake-up in 1985 when an earthquake rocked the original building. Mother Nature wanted to add a little excitement to the mix, but who needs a building when you’ve got heroes in training, right?

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So there you have it, the fascinating tale of the Heroic Military Academy, a place where history meets valor and knowledge blooms in the most unexpected places. If you ever find yourself in Mexico City, be sure to pay this remarkable institution a visit!

The Foundation of the Heroic Military School, Mexico

Alright, buckle up for a witty ride through the establishment of the Heroic Military Academy! Picture this: It’s the year 1818, and the grand plans to create this legendary institution are brewing. But hold your horses, my friend, because it wasn’t until 1822 that things really kicked into gear, all thanks to the remarkable Diego Garcia Conde.

Diego, a former military officer passionate about shaping young minds, worked in the Mexican Army when the stars aligned. The Mexican Imperial Government gave their nod of approval, saying, “Hey, let’s make this Heroic Military Academy thing happen!” And so, the Imperial War Ministry joined forces to bring this dream to life.

In the summer of 1822, Emperor Augustin de Iturbide, donning his finest imperial robes, declared, “We need a new location for this academy!” And just like that, the former complex was transformed into the headquarters of the Military College of Mexico.

Fancy, huh? But wait, there’s more! It wasn’t just the Military College that set up shop there; they also had the Engineers Training School and the Military Cadet Academy. Talk about a bustling hub of military education!

All of this magnificence was under the watchful eye of Brigadier Diego Garcia Conde, who was clearly a man on a mission. By 1823, with a swish of General Jose Joaquin’s orders, the Military College of Mexico rose from its ashes like a phoenix. But guess what? They decided to move their headquarters to the San Carlos Fortress because a fortress just screams “military excellence,” doesn’t it?

Just when you thought the story couldn’t get any more exciting, President Guadalupe Victoria stepped in and said, “Hey, let’s not forget about the Mexican Navy!” And just like that, the academy expanded its horizons, training the brave officers who would conquer the high seas.

So there you have it, the whirlwind tale of the Heroic Military Academy’s inception. From plans that simmered for years to an empire of military education, it’s a story that’ll make your heart beat a little faster. So, next time you pass by the hallowed halls of this esteemed institution, give a nod to the visionaries and heroes who made it all possible!

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Early Years of the Heroic Military School in Mexico

heroic military academy
Male and female military cadets take tests or notes during a military academy class.

In the year 1828, a campaign against secret societies and masonic lodges was in full swing. Lt. Col. Manuel Montano paid a visit to the College, which sparked a remarkable event—the College’s first loyalty act by the Corps of Cadets and its faculty.

The response from the Corps and faculty was clear: they believed that the Military College should be exempt from the campaign. Their reasoning? The cadet rosters contained no secret society members or Masons. This act of loyalty resonated nationwide and became a symbol of allegiance to the College. As a result, in March 1828, the College returned to Mexico City. It first found its home in the Bethelemitas convent and later settled in the Inquisition Palace Complex on July 1. From that point on, it gained recognition as Mexico’s premier military educational institution.

Political turbulence rocked the College during the 1828 presidential elections. On September 11, a rebellion led by Generals Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna and Jose Maria Lobato unfolded. They denounced the election results that declared Manuel Gomez Pedraza, the winner. Two months later, on November 30, together with Lorenzo de Zavala and Col. Santiago Garcia, they staged a coup d’état, taking over the La Acordada building. Their demand was for Congress to void the election results.

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On the same day, President Victoria called upon the College cadets to join the armed forces and proceed to the National Palace. For four days, they fought valiantly until a compromise was reached on December 4, ending the conflict. The class resumed the following day, marking the courage and dedication of the College cadets.

In 1840, political turmoil struck once again. General Jose Urrea led a rebellion against President Anastacio Bustamante, resulting in a tumultuous situation. The cadets of the Military College, under the leadership of Brigade General Pedro Conde, played a crucial role in the events that unfolded.

They supported President Bustamante, engaging in combat against anti-Bustamante troops. Sadly, two cadets, Juan Rico, and Antonio Groso, sustained injuries during the fight. Juan Rico later succumbed to his wounds. The attempted coup came to an end when President Bustamante left his residence, and Gen. Vicente Filisola arrived at the church premises. An armistice was reached that same night.

In the following year, the College found a new home in the iconic Chapultepec Castle in Mexico City. Little did they know that this castle would become a significant symbol of heroism during the Mexican War, as five cadets and a faculty officer would lay down their lives defending the Mexican nation. This act of bravery led to the castle being bestowed with the esteemed designation of “Heroic.”

Over time, the College relocated to different places, including the Inquisition Palace and later San Lucas. In 1846, Graduate Ship Captain Francisco Garcia took on the role of College Commandant, becoming the College’s only naval director. However, his tenure faced an unexpected challenge when a rebellion broke out among the Corps of Cadets.

These historical events vividly depict the Heroic Military Academy’s journey, filled with loyalty, sacrifice, and unwavering dedication. It’s a testament to the indomitable spirit of the cadets and faculty who shaped the Academy’s legacy.

Heroic Military School from 1858 to 1920

Military Academy in Mexico
A mid-adult female military officer wears camouflage as she sits among a group of new recruits in a training classroom. She holds a clipboard.

In 1858, under the leadership of Commandant Colonel Luis Tola Algarín, the College underwent a significant relocation. Its facilities were moved to the former Church of Sts. Peter and Paul in Mexico City. However, during the same year, the Reform War brought about a clash between the Corps of Cadets and the forces led by Gen. Miguel Blanco on October 15 in Toluca. Tragically, casualties among the cadets and instructors occurred during this and subsequent actions, ultimately leading to the College’s closure in 1861.

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After a brief hiatus, the College reopened its doors in 1867. It initially found its home in the National Palace but underwent various relocations before returning to the iconic Chapultepec Castle in 1882. In terms of its organizational structure, the College transitioned from a joint services institution to an academy solely for the Mexican Army in 1897, coinciding with the establishment of the Military Naval School in Veracruz.

On 8 February 1913, the Military College played a significant role in the coup against President Francisco Madero. The 600 cadets, following the orders of Deputy Commandant Lieutenant Colonel Víctor Hernández Covarrubias, played an active part in this historical event. Interestingly, the following day, a detachment of cadets escorted President Madero from Chapultepec Castle to the National Palace in what came to be known as the Loyalty March. To this day, this event is commemorated by an annual parade attended by the Corps of Cadets, along with the President of Mexico and his Cabinet.

In July 1914, following General Victoriano Huerta’s overthrow and the Federal Army’s disbandment, the College was temporarily closed. However, it was re-established in February 1920, following the conclusion of the Mexican Revolution. Notably, during the same year, the cadets of the cavalry squadron were involved in a significant historical event known as “the final cavalry charge in the Americas.” On May 8, under Colonel Rodolfo Casillas’s orders, the cadets supported regular army dragoons who were under attack by rebel forces in Apizaco, Tlaxcala. In another engagement that occurred two days later, tragically, a cadet lost their life in action.

These events mark important milestones in the Military College’s history, reflecting its involvement in significant political changes and the valor demonstrated by its cadets throughout the years.

Motto and Collegiate Slogan

Por el Honor de Mexico (For Mexico’s Honor) is the college motto, made in a contest organized by radio station XEQ in commemoration of the centenary of the defense of Chapultepec Castle in 1947.

Every midday, after the afternoon ceremony and before the midday parade, the following cheer is done by the Corps of Cadets:

  • Cadet Corps Commander: Heroico Colegio Militar (Heroic Military College)
  • Cadets: Por el Honor de Mexico! (For Mexico’s Honor!)

Collegiate Hymn and March

Hymn of the Heroic Military College

The Hymn of the Heroic Military College was composed in 1930 by Prof. José Ignacio Ríos del Río.


Vibre el clarín de la guerra, resuenen las fanfarrias
Redoblen los tambores, una marcha triunfal
Y lleven de la Patria a todos los confines
Tu nombre sacrosanto,
Colegio Militar
Tu nombre sacrosanto,
Colegio Militar

Colegio sacrosanto, de memoria bendita
de forjaran sus almas, Montes de Oca y Melgar
La Patria bate marcha de honor a tu pasado,
de epopeyas gloriosas y de nombre inmortal. Y en un gesto sublime de amor y de cariño,
bendice a los efebos que supieron morir
bañados por las ráfagas de luz espendorosa
que el ángel de la gloria enviara del cenit.

Repeat Chorus

March of the Heroic Military College

The Regimental March was composed by Lieutenant José Sotero Ortiz Sánchez in time for the College’s 1947 centenary of the Battle of Chapultepec.


Páginas del libro de la historia del Heroico Colegio Militar
de epopeyas que ya jamás se borran del santuario de la inmortalidad.
Canto que se eleva a la memoria como ofrenda de honor a la lealtad
de los héroes que envueltos por la gloria grandioso ejemplo que nos dio la libertad.
Repeat All

Juventud de mi patria sublime, que marcháis con gallarda ilusión
aumentáreis la historia que escribe nobles hechos de sangre y honor.
Yunque forjador de hombres de guerra como Suárez, Escutia y Melgar,
Montes de Oca, Márquez y De la Barrera, los niños héroes de mi México inmortal!
Repeat All

The heroic Academy in Mexico From 1947 to date

In 1947, the Military College celebrated a momentous occasion—the centenary of the participation of the Corps of Cadets. During such celebratory events, the military officers join together in singing the collegiate hymn accompanied by a march. This special hymn was composed by Prof. Jose Ignacio in 1930, adding a musical touch to the commemorative gatherings.

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1949 the Naval Military Academy and the Corps received a distinguished honor. The union’s congress bestowed upon them the prestigious “Heroic” designation. To mark the 150th-anniversary celebrations, the Central Bank of Mexico minted special 1 oz silver coins. In addition, the Mexican Government took part by printing two military college shakos, further symbolizing the significance of the occasion.

A notable moment occurred in 1976 when the academy’s campus in Mexico City was officially opened. This campus later gained recognition as it served as the setting for Luis Miguel’s music video in 1989. In the video, he portrayed a cadet for the air force, and as the song reached its conclusion, an iconic scene showcased the unfurling of the Mexican banner.

Since 2007, the academy has taken a significant step forward by welcoming female cadets into its ranks. This decision marked an important milestone in fostering inclusivity and equality within the institution.


In conclusion, the journey of the Heroic Military Academy is one filled with valor, resilience and a commitment to excellence. From its humble beginnings in 1823 to its present-day status as Mexico’s premier military educational institution, the academy has played a crucial role in shaping the nation’s history.

Throughout its rich history, the academy has weathered numerous challenges, from political turmoil to closures and reestablishments. Yet, time and time again, it has emerged stronger, adapting to the changing times while upholding its esteemed traditions.

The cadets and faculty of the academy have demonstrated unwavering loyalty, standing tall in moments of national crisis and going above and beyond the call of duty. From their involvement in coup attempts to their valiant sacrifices on the battlefield, they have exemplified the true spirit of heroism.

Moreover, the academy has not only produced exceptional military leaders but has also embraced progress and inclusivity. The acceptance of female cadets in 2007 is a testament to its commitment to equality and diversity, ensuring that the academy remains a symbol of opportunity and excellence for all.

As we reflect on the illustrious history of the Heroic Military Academy, we are reminded of the power of education, dedication, and courage. The academy stands as a shining example of how an institution can shape the destiny of a nation through the education and training of its future leaders.

Whether it is singing the collegiate hymn with pride, minting commemorative coins, or serving as a backdrop for music videos, the Heroic Military Academy continues to captivate our imagination and instill a sense of awe.

As we honor the academy’s past, let us also anticipate the future. The Heroic Military Academy will undoubtedly continue to produce generations of fearless warriors ready to protect and defend their beloved Mexico.

In the end, the Heroic Military Academy stands as a testament to the indomitable spirit of its cadets and the enduring legacy of bravery and honor. It will forever hold a special place in the hearts of all who appreciate the sacrifices made by those who dedicate themselves to serving their country.

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