March, 4

The Indian Naval Academy: The Cradle of Naval Leadership

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The Indian Naval Academy (INA) is the premier training institute for officers of the Indian Navy and the Indian Coast Guard. Located in Ezhimala, Kerala, the academy is between the Ezhimala hill and the Kavvayi backwaters, with a 7-kilometre beachfront on the Laccadive Sea. It is Asia’s largest and the world’s third-largest naval academy.

The academy provides basic training for all officers inducted into the Indian Navy and the Indian Coast Guard and advanced maritime skills and engineering courses. The motto of the academy is “Vidyayā Amr̥taṁ Aśnute,” which means “Become Immortal Through Knowledge” in Sanskrit. The academy aims to produce naval leaders who are competent, courageous, and committed to the nation’s service.

It is one of the best military academies in India.

Brief History of The Indian Naval Academy (INA)

The Indian Naval Academy (INA) traces its origins to the pre-independence era when the Royal Indian Navy trained officer cadets in the United Kingdom alongside the Royal Navy. Following independence, Navy officer training commenced at the Armed Forces Academy’s interim Joint Services Wing (JSW) in 1949, which evolved into the National Defence Academy (NDA) in 1954. The NDA, a joint services academy of the Indian Armed Forces, trains cadets from the Army, Navy, and Air Force together before they proceed to their respective service academies.

However, by 1968, the expanding staffing needs of the Navy outpaced the NDA’s capacity, necessitating additional space and facilities for advanced maritime training. Consequently, in May 1969, the INA was established in Cochin, Kerala, to centralize naval training facilities. The academy later relocated to INS Mandovi in Goa in 1986, facing significant space limitations. Moreover, it provided basic training for Coast Guard officers, further straining its resources.

Thus, the Navy formulated plans for a new, permanent academy to manage the growing training demands. Ezhimala, Kerala, a historic naval port and strategic site, was selected for the new academy. Construction commenced in 2005, and the academy was formally inaugurated on 8 January 2009 and subsequently renamed the Indian Naval Academy, Ezhimala (INA Ezhimala). The academy received the prestigious President’s Colour on 20 November 2019, the highest honor for a military unit.

How to Gain Admission into the School

Gaining admission to the Indian Naval Academy (INA) is highly competitive and selective, focusing on the most talented and capable candidates for naval service. There are various entry schemes for different groups of candidates, including those with 10+2, undergraduate, and postgraduate backgrounds. To be considered, candidates must first pass a written examination conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC), followed by an interview with the Service Selection Board (SSB). This interview assesses their aptitude, personality, and leadership potential.

A medical examination is also required to ensure their physical fitness and suitability for naval service. Those who successfully clear all these stages are then assigned to either the Navy or the Coast Guard based on their performance and the availability of vacancies. Candidates selected for the Navy proceed to the Indian Naval Academy (INA) for basic training, while those chosen for the Coast Guard are sent to the Coast Guard Academy.

Candidates entering the INA through the 10+2 scheme undergo a four-year Bachelor of Technology degree program in one of four disciplines: Electronics and Communication Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Electrical and Electronics Engineering, or Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering. Those joining through the undergraduate entry scheme participate in a 22-week Naval Orientation Course (NOC), which covers basic naval service and warfare. Postgraduate entrants engage in a 44-week extended NOC, focusing on more advanced aspects of naval service and warfare. Candidates from the National Defense Academy (NDA) entry scheme complete a three-year course at the NDA, followed by a one-year program at the INA. Indian Naval Academy Cadet (INAC) scheme entrants directly join the INA after 10+2 for a similar four-year course.

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Upon completing their basic training at the Indian Naval Academy (INA), candidates are commissioned as Sub Lieutenants in the Indian Navy or as Assistant Commandants in the Indian Coast Guard. They then move on to various naval and coast guard establishments for further professional training and specialization in areas such as Executive, Engineering, Electrical, Education, Logistics, Law, Hydrography, Aviation, Submarine, and more.

The admission process for the Indian Naval Academy is rigorous and challenging, requiring substantial hard work, dedication, and preparation from the candidates. They must apply online via the official website of the UPSC or the Indian Navy, depending on their chosen entry scheme. This involves completing an application form, uploading required documents, and paying an application fee. Candidates must also check and meet eligibility criteria like age, educational qualifications, nationality, and marital status.

To prepare for the written exam and the SSB interview, candidates should study the syllabus, practice with previous year’s papers, take mock tests, keep up with current events, and improve their communication skills. Maintaining physical fitness and mental health through a balanced diet, regular exercise, and stress management is crucial. Candidates must also demonstrate honesty, confidence, and positivity throughout the admission process, showcasing their potential and eagerness for naval service.

Tuition Fees at The Indian Naval Academy (INA)

Tuition fees at the Indian Naval Academy (INA) vary based on the entry scheme and the category of candidates. Candidates joining through the 10+2 scheme at the INA pay an annual tuition of Rs. 78,000, including tuition, books, and laboratory fees. Those entering through the graduate scheme at the Indian Naval Academy must pay Rs. 15,600 per annum, covering tuition and books. Postgraduate scheme entrants at the INA have a tuition fee of Rs. 31,200 annually, including tuition and books. Candidates joining through the National Defense Academy (NDA) scheme pay Rs. 78,000 per year at the NDA for tuition, books, and lab fees, and then Rs. 15,600 per annum at the Indian Naval Academy for tuition and books. Candidates entering via the Indian Naval Academy Cadet (INAC) scheme also pay Rs. 78,000 annually, which covers tuition, books, and lab fees.

The INA’s tuition fees are subsidized by the Government of India, making them much lower than those of other engineering colleges in the country. During their training at the Indian Naval Academy, candidates receive a monthly stipend of Rs. 56,100, helping them manage personal expenses and save money. After commissioning, they are entitled to various allowances and benefits based on their rank and branch, such as pay, grade pay, military service pay, flying pay, submarine pay, and technical pay. Benefits like free accommodation, ration, clothing, medical facilities, travel concessions, insurance, pension, and more are part of the naval service perks.

Current Rankings of the School

The Indian Naval Academy is one of the most prestigious and reputed institutions in the country, consistently ranked among the top engineering colleges in India by various surveys and publications. Affiliated with Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU) and recognized by the All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE), the INA is accredited by the National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC) with an ‘A’ grade and has received ISO 9001:2015 certification for quality management. The academy has also earned the Golden Peacock Award for Occupational Health and Safety and the Rajbhasha Kirti Award for promoting Hindi.

Recent rankings of the INA include:

  • 8th among the top engineering colleges in India by the India Today-Nielsen Survey 2020.
  • 9th by the Outlook-ICARE India Rankings 2020.
  • 10th by the National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF) 2020.
  • 11th by the Week-Hansa Research Survey 2020.
  • 12th by the Times Engineering Survey 2020.

The Indian Naval Academy is also recognized for its academic excellence, research, innovation, sports, and extracurricular activities, featuring state-of-the-art infrastructure.

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Academic Programs

The Indian Naval Academy (INA), in partnership with Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU) and the All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE), offers a range of academic programs. These programs aim to equip cadets with a solid theoretical and practical knowledge base in various technical and naval subjects, enhancing their critical thinking, problem-solving, and communication skills. The academic programs include:

  • B.Tech Degree Course: A four-year course for cadets entering the Indian Naval Academy through the 10+2 entry scheme. Cadets can select from Electronics and Communication Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Electrical and Electronics Engineering, or Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering. This course imparts both basic and advanced engineering concepts, including naval applications. It encompasses humanities, management, and military studies and involves practical training in naval and coast guard establishments and industrial visits and projects. Cadets receive their B.Tech degree from JNU upon successful completion.
  • M.Sc Degree Course: This two-year course is for cadets joining through the postgraduate entry scheme. They can specialize in Applied Electronics and Communication or Applied Mathematics, covering advanced science concepts and their naval applications. The curriculum also includes humanities, management, and military studies. Cadets undertake practical training in naval and Coast Guard establishments and engage in research projects. JNU awards them an M.Sc degree after completion.
  • Naval Orientation Course: Tailored for graduate entry scheme cadets, this course covers basic naval service and warfare aspects, such as seamanship, navigation, weapons, sensors, communication, tactics, and leadership. It includes physical training, drills, and sports activities, lasting 22 weeks for the regular NOC and 44 weeks for the extended NOC. The INA awards cadets an NOC certificate upon completion.
  • National Defence Academy Course: A four-year course for cadets entering through the NDA entry scheme. Cadets spend three years at the NDA, studying science, humanities, and military studies with Army and Air Force cadets. They also engage in physical training, drills, sports activities, and joint exercises. After completing the three-year course at the NDA and earning a B.Sc degree from JNU, cadets proceed to the INA for the fourth year, undertaking the Naval Orientation Course alongside INAC entry scheme cadets. The Indian Naval Academy awards them an NOC certificate after this final year.
  • Indian Naval Academy Cadet Course: Cadets joining the INA directly after 10+2 through the INAC entry scheme undergo a four-year course similar to the NDA course, but entirely at the INA. They study science, humanities, military studies, and naval subjects, and participate in physical training, drills, sports, and naval exercises. After three years, they receive a B.Sc degree from JNU, followed by the Naval Orientation Course in the fourth year, culminating in an NOC certificate from the INA.

The INA’s rigorous and demanding academic programs require cadets’ dedication, discipline, and hard work. Cadets are evaluated based on academic performance, practical skills, professional competence, and overall conduct. To successfully complete their training and become commissioned officers in the Indian Navy or the Indian Coast Guard, cadets must maintain high academic excellence, physical fitness, and moral character.

Campus Life

Campus life at the INA offers cadets a unique and enriching experience where they live and learn in a military environment alongside peers from diverse backgrounds, cultures, and regions. The Indian Naval Academy’s campus life is crafted to instill values such as camaraderie, teamwork, loyalty, and patriotism while also developing cadets’ personalities, confidence, and leadership skills.

  • Accommodation: Cadets at the INA are housed in six squadrons and one midshipmen wing, named to reflect the qualities of a naval officer like Achiever, Braveheart, Cheetah, Daredevil, Eagle, and Fighter. They are provided individual cabins equipped with basic amenities and are responsible for keeping their cabins neat and adhering to squadron and wing rules. Participation in various inter-squadron events and competitions fosters a spirit of healthy rivalry and cooperation.
  • Cafeteria: The cafeteria at the Indian Naval Academy is a place for cadets to relax, rejuvenate, and enjoy healthy, delicious meals. It offers a balanced and nutritious menu, catering to diverse dietary and cultural preferences. Facilities include a bakery, juice bar, coffee shop, television, and music system, making it a perfect spot for cadets to unwind with snacks, beverages, and entertainment.
  • Mess: The mess at the INA is where cadets dine and socialize, not only with each other but also with seniors and instructors. It provides a formal setting, requiring adherence to naval service etiquette and decorum. The mess hosts various events like mess night, guest night, ladies night, and farewell dinners, allowing cadets to interact with distinguished guests and showcase their talents.
  • Library: The INA’s library houses a vast collection of books, journals, magazines, newspapers, and electronic resources across various subjects. It features a digital library and moodle-based learning software, offering access to online databases, e-books, course materials, and assignments. The quiet reading room is ideal for focused study and reading.
  • Sports and Games: Emphasizing physical fitness and sports activities, the INA boasts facilities for football, cricket, basketball, volleyball, tennis, badminton, squash, swimming, and water sports. Cadets participate in sports and games, both indoor and outdoor, as part of their physical training and recreational activities. They also compete in inter-squadron, inter-academy, and national tournaments, displaying their athletic prowess and potential.
  • Clubs and Societies: The INA hosts a variety of clubs and societies where cadets can pursue their hobbies and interests, ranging from music, dance, drama, art, and photography to literature, debate, quiz, adventure, astronomy, robotics, and innovation. These clubs offer a platform for cadets to express their creativity, enhance their skills, and interact with peers and mentors through workshops, seminars, exhibitions, competitions, and festivals.
  • Cultural and Social Activities: The Indian Naval Academy organizes cultural and social activities, celebrating the diversity and unity of the nation and the traditions of naval service. Cadets participate in national and regional festivals like Independence Day, Republic Day, Navy Day, Coast Guard Day, Diwali, Holi, Eid, Christmas, Onam, and Bihu. They also observe international and national days with awareness campaigns and initiatives. Community outreach programs like blood donation camps, tree plantation drives, cleanliness drives, and visits to orphanages and old age homes allow cadets to contribute to societal welfare and development.
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Campus life at the INA is memorable and rewarding, fostering holistic growth in cadets as they prepare for the challenges and opportunities of naval service.

Alumni of The Indian Naval Academy

The Indian Naval Academy (INA) has been instrumental in producing many illustrious and distinguished alumni who have served the nation and the naval service with remarkable distinction and dedication. Notable alumni of the INA include Admiral Karambir Singh, the current Chief of Naval Staff; Vice Admiral Ajit Kumar P, the Flag Officer Commanding-in-Chief of the Western Naval Command; Vice Admiral Anil Kumar Chawla, the Flag Officer Commanding-in-Chief of the Southern Naval Command; Vice Admiral Ravneet Singh, the Deputy Chief of Naval Staff; and Vice Admiral Sandeep Naithani, the Chief of Materiel.

These esteemed alumni have occupied key positions and received various awards and honors for their distinguished service. They have also represented India and its naval service in numerous international events and forums, serving as role models and sources of inspiration for cadets and officers of the INA.

Visit this page to learn more about other Military Schools in India.


The Indian Naval Academy is a cradle of naval leadership, dedicated to training and grooming cadets into competent, courageous, and committed naval officers. These officers are prepared to serve the nation and society with honor and pride. The INA is a place where cadets can realize their dreams and fulfill their responsibilities as future guardians of the maritime domain. It’s a place where cadets become immortal through knowledge and their deeds and actions. The INA is more than just an academy; it’s a way of life, a culture, and a legacy handed down from generation to generation.

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